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Studies reinforce life-saving benefits of colon cancer screening

If you’ve ever had a kidney stone, you surely remember it. The pain can be unbearable, coming in waves until the tiny stone passes through your urinary plumbing and out of the body. For many, kidney stones aren’t a one-time thing: in about half of people who have had one, another appears within seven years without preventive measures.

Preventing kidney stones isn’t complicated, but it does take some determination.

Kidney stones form when certain chemicals become concentrated enough in the urine to form crystals. The crystals grow into larger masses (stones), which can make their way through the urinary tract. If the stone gets stuck somewhere and blocks the flow of urine, it causes pain.

Most stones occur when calcium combines with one of two substances: oxalate or phosphorous. Stones can also form from uric acid, which forms as the body metabolizes protein.
Kidney stonesHow to avoid kidney stones

Preventing kidney stones means preventing the conditions that support their formation. I ask…

Harvard Health and Orca Health launch heart-focused iBook series

William Howard Taft was America’s heaviest president. He would have preferred being seen and remembered for something else, and took steps to lose weight. Taft’s story of weight loss and regain, described in today’s Annals of Internal Medicine, sounds completely familiar today, more than 100 years later.

Using correspondence and archival sources, Deborah Levine, an assistant professor at Providence College in Rhode Island, tells the story of Taft’s struggles with his weight.

In 1905, while serving as Secretary of War, Taft weighed 314 pounds. That’s a body-mass index of 40, which today would indicate someone who is severely obese. He knew his weight wasn’t healthy, causing an “acid stomach,” shortness of breath, problems sleeping, and daytime fatigue. A recommendation from his sister led Taft to Nathaniel Yorke-Davies, a British physician specializing in the medical management of obesity. It was an unusual move, since there were several highly popular diet gurus in the United States at…

PET scans peer into the heart of dementia

There’s no question that tests to detect cancer before it causes any problems can save lives. But such tests can also cause harm through overdiagnosis and overtreatment.

A study published online yesterday in JAMA Internal Medicine indicates that the majority of people are never informed by their doctors that early warning cancer tests may detect slow-growing, or no-growing, cancers that will never cause symptoms or affect health. Undergoing surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation for such cancers provides no benefits and definite harms.

The study authors, both at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin, did an online survey of 317 men and women in the United States. They ranged in age from 50 to 69 years, the age range when people generally undergo cancer screening tests. The survey asked if a physician had told them about the possibility of overdiagnosis and overtreatment, an online survey to find out how many had been told by their doctor about the possibility of overdia…

Precision medicine is coming, but not anytime soon

A colleague of mine, an obstetrician-gynecologist, was doing a lot of airplane travel this winter. It got him thinking about the pressure he might feel before entering the operating room. He remarked in February, “Every time I get on a plane, I think, in surgery I have one life in my hands. These pilots are responsible for hundreds!”

The crash of Germanwings Flight 9525 in the French Alps on March 24, 2015 brought this sentiment home in ways my colleague and I never could have predicted. And as information emerges about copilot Andreas Lubitz, the man who apparently brought down the plane in an act of suicide and murder, many observers are now thinking about how to prevent such tragedies.

Last week, I had the chance to talk to Robert Siegel of NPR’s All Things Considered about the opaqueness of mental illness. We talked about how difficult it is to know when a person is struggling with private psychological and emotional pain that might lead to dangerous or destructive behavior.

We all …

A major advance in treating high blood pressure

The most common type of non-invasive breast cancer is called ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Traditionally, DCIS is diagnosed when cancer cells seen under the microscope are localized only to the breast’s duct system but have not invaded surrounding tissue.

The standard treatment for DCIS is to remove the affected tissue, making sure that there are no cancer cells left within the breast (“clear margins”). That surgery might be a mastectomy or a lumpectomy, which may be followed with radiation therapy.

DCIS carries an excellent prognosis. That’s why this non-invasive cancer is also called “stage 0” breast cancer.
Reconsidering the best treatment for DCIS

Last month, JAMA Oncology published a study that suggests the standard treatment may be too aggressive. Perhaps some women with DCIS would do just as well without lumpectomy or mastectomy. As expected, this has generated a lot of controversy and confusion.

The researchers studied more than 108,000 women who had been diagnosed with DC…

Why Do Headphones Stop Working

Music is so basic to our day by day schedules. Regardless of whether it's a morning run or something to stay aware of while you work, great music is something we as a whole want. A standout amongst other approaches to encounter any sort of music is by utilizing a decent combine of earphones. Commotion lessening earphones specifically are ending up more prevalent nowadays. There's dependably obviously spending plan earbuds for the individuals who simply need something basic and successful as well. Anyway things do turn out badly some of the time with earphones that reason us to inquire as to for what reason do earphones quit working arbitrarily?
why do headphones stop working

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1 Why Do Headphones Stop Working – 5 Common Reasons

1.1 Broken Cables

1.2 The Volume Is Too Loud

1.3 Moisture

1.4 Dirty Listening Port

1.5 Age

2 What Are The Best Quality Headphones Available?

For what reason Do Headphones Stop Working – 5 Common Reasons

While this normally occurs with more established earphon…

Best Climbing Approach Shoes for Women

Appreciating great music outside is something a large portion of us get a kick out of the chance to do. Beyond any doubt we can simply sit inside or be limited to our earphones, yet a decent arrangement of outside speakers can make things fun. Regardless of whether you're relaxing by the pool or soaking up the sunshine at the shoreline; having music with you is constantly fun. Open air speakers can come in all shapes and sizes as well. Here and there they're little and compact like the JBL Charge 3 and different occasions they are significantly bigger like the Sony GTK Xb90. There's even a few circumstances where you can interface Bluetooth speakers to extremely spread the a good time for a gathering. Making sense of how to pick open air speakers isn't excessively extreme on the off chance that you comprehend the vital specs and your listening purposes.
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1 How To Choose Outdoor Speakers – 5 Things To Consider

1.1 Size a…